Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh are actually three separate regions. When India became independent, a large part of India was separated in the name of religion, which was named Pakistan. At that time there were two parts of Pakistan East Pakistan and West Pakistan. East Pakistan separated to become Bangladesh in 1971. At the time of partition, the Pakistani army along with the tribals attacked Kashmir and occupied a large part of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Army was giving a befitting reply to this attack, but in the middle, the Line of Control was born due to the one-sided declaration of ceasefire by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Since then Kashmir has become a disputed area.
Almost half of Jammu and Kashmir is still occupied by Pakistan. This northern state of India has 3 regions Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Unfortunately, Indian politicians declared it a state without understanding the geographical location of this region, as all these three regions were under the same king. After the declaration of the state, it was named Jammu and Kashmir in which Ladakh was considered as a part of Jammu itself.
It is believed that Ladakh was originally a submerged part of a large lake, which became the valley of Ladakh due to many years of geographical change. Ladakh and Baltistan were included in the region of Jammu and Kashmir in the 18th century. After the partition of India in 1947, Baltistan became a part of Pakistan.
The residents around Leh in the eastern part of Ladakh are mainly Tibetan, Buddhist and Indian Hindus, but the population around Kargil in the west is predominantly Indian Shia Muslims. Many Tibetans settled here during the occupation of Tibet. China considers Ladakh a part of Tibet. Indus river flows from Ladakh to Karachi in Pakistan. In ancient times, Ladakh was the main center of many important trade routes.
Ladakh was a major stronghold of trade from Central Asia. A branch of the Silk Route passed through Ladakh. Hundreds of camels, horses, mules, silk and carpets were brought with caravans from other countries, while dyes, spices, etc. were sold from India. People from Tibet also used to come to Leh by loading wool, pashmina etc. on yaks. From here the best shawls were made by bringing it to Kashmir.
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