The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and
the West Asia. India is a southward extension of the Asian continent.
The trans Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe in
the West and the countries of East Asia, provide a strategic central
location to India. Note that the Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the
Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West
Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and
East Asia from the eastern coast. No other country has a long coastline
on the Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India's eminent
position in the Indian Ocean, which justifies the naming of an Ocean
India’s contacts with the World have continued through ages but
her relationships through the land routes are much older than her
maritime contacts. The various passes across the mountains in the north
have provided passages to the ancient travellers, while the oceans
restricted such interaction for a long time. These routes have contributed
in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times. The ideas
of the Upanishads and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the
Indian numerals and the decimal system thus could reach many parts of
the world. The spices, muslin and other merchandise were taken from
India to different countries. On the other hand, the influence of Greek
sculpture, and the architectural styles of dome and minarets from West
Asia can be seen in different parts of our country.
India shares its land boundaries with Pakistan and Afghanistan in
the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north and
Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. Our southern neighbours across
the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Sri Lanka and
Maldives. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea
formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar, while Maldives
Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands. India has
had strong geographical and historical links with her neighbours.
saving score / loading statistics ...